PT10.S1.Q19 - Can someone please explain this question?

Victoria RVictoria R Alum Member
edited July 2022 in Logical Reasoning 12 karma

Pt10 S1 Q19.

I keep getting this one wrong on blind review...

Comments

  • victoriastarrett92victoriastarrett92 Alum Member
    34 karma

    Hi! We have the same name!

    Send me a private message and I'll send you a video of how I solved it.

    Vicki

  • u______uu______u Monthly Member
    195 karma

    Context: fares are subsidized by the city through taxes. People who commute from outside the city are a group that benefits from the subsidies.
    Premise: taxes should be used to benefit only those who pay them
    Conclusion: bus fares should be raised

    A) negative consequence of higher fares. Business relocation. Bad.
    B) negative consequence of higher fares. More driving. More pollution. Bad.
    C) negative consequence of higher fares. These people can't pay taxes. They'd suffer as a result. Bad.
    D) irrelevant. Who cares if voters are opposed to it? What are they going to do about it?
    E) people who work in Greenville already pay taxes. This would include that group of people who commute into the city as they work in the city. Therefore, they deserve to receive the benefit of the tax subsidized fares. This one goes after the premise. If everyone pays taxes, then how are you going to make it so that taxes benefit only those who pay them? Bad.

  • maco4538maco4538 Alum Member
    145 karma

    Stim: Fares on the city-run public buses in Greenville are
    subsidized by city tax revenues, but among the
    beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who
    commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville.
    Some city councillors argue that city taxes should be
    used primarily to benefit the people who pay them,
    and therefore that bus fares should be raised enough
    to cover the cost of the service.

    Premise #1
    Residents of the city of Greenville subsidies the city-run public buses through their taxes, but among the beneficiaries of the low fares are many people who commute from outside the city to jobs in Greenville.
    Premise #2
    City taxes should be used primarily to benefit those who paid for such benefits.

    Conclusion
    Therefore that bus fares should be raised enough to cover the cost of the service.

    Method of Reasoning: Based on the assumption that only those who are city residents are city taxpayers, and the premise that city taxes should be used primarily to benefit taxpayers, concludes that bus fares should be raised, because some people are not residents of the city and benefit from tax subsidies fares.

    Each of the following, if true, would weaken the
    argument advanced by the city councillors
    EXCEPT:
    (A) if this was an added premise, it would violate the argument's central principle (i.e., city taxes should be used primarily to benefit those who paid for such benefits). -- weaken
    (B) if this was an added premise, it would violate the argument's central principle (i.e., city taxes should be used primarily to benefit those who paid for such benefits). -- weaken
    (C) if this was an added premise, it would violate the argument's central principle (i.e., city taxes should be used primarily to benefit those who paid for such benefits). -- weaken
    (D) Raising bus fares would actually lower taxes, so this would be a win --strengthen
    (E) calls out an invalid assumption that only those who are city residents are city taxpayers, since everyone working above minimum wage in that city, including non-resident commuters, are city taxpayers. -- weaken

  • maco4538maco4538 Alum Member
    145 karma

    (A)Many businesses whose presence in the city is
    beneficial to the city's taxpayers would
    relocate outside the city if public-transit fares
    were more expensive.
    (B)By providing commuters with economic
    incentives to drive to work, higher transit
    fares would worsen air pollution in Greenville
    and increase the cost of maintaining the city
    streets
    (C)Increasing transit fares would disadvantage
    those residents of the city whose low incomes
    make them exempt from city taxes, and all
    city councillors agree that these residents
    should be able to take advantage of city-run
    services.
    (D)Voters in the city, many of whom benefit from
    the low transit fares, are strongly opposed to
    increasing local taxes.
    (E)People who work in Greenville and earn wages
    above the nationally mandated minimum all
    pay the city wage tax of 5 percent.

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