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Question
QuickView
Choices
Curve Question
Difficulty
Psg/Game/S
Difficulty
Explanation
PT10 S4 Q25
+LR
Method of reasoning or descriptive +Method
A
4%
158
B
2%
157
C
84%
165
D
6%
156
E
3%
156
140
149
158
+Medium 148.216 +SubsectionMedium
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We can identify this question as Method of Reasoning because of the question stem: “The argument uses which one of the following argumentative techniques?”

When dealing with a Method of Reasoning question, we know we are looking for an answer choice that correctly describes the structure of our entire argument. Our correct answer is going to fit the argument exactly. Our wrong answer choices likely explain argument structures we are familiar with, but that simply don’t apply to the specific question we are looking at. Knowing what the right and wrong answers are going to do, we can jump into the stimulus.

The philosopher begins their argument by explaining a belief of the thesis absolute motion; the change in an object’s position over time does not need a reference item for measurement. We are told a well-respected physicist claims the thesis to be incoherent. The philosopher concludes that because an incoherent thesis cannot be a description of reality, the thesis is incorrect (motion cannot be absolute.) Knowing that our stimulus uses the belief of the physicist to support their argument, we can proceed into answer choice elimination.

Answer Choice (A) This answer choice is not descriptively accurate. Without the use of “technological terminology” in the stimulus, we can eliminate answer choice A.

Answer Choice (B) Our stimulus is not suggesting a change in definition as suggested by this answer choice. Instead the argument tells us that a particular thesis is not correct.

Correct Answer Choice (C) This is exactly what we are looking for! This is the only answer choice that correctly describes the author’s use of an authority (the physicist) to support the main conclusion.

Answer Choice (D) If this answer choice were correct, we would need to see the use of some sort of observational evidence in the stimulus. Without this information, we can eliminate answer choice D from contention.

Answer Choice (E) This is not descriptively accurate. This answer choice accuses the stimulus of referring to different regions and comparing those to the entire region. Without any sort of “region” distinction we will have to eliminate answer choice E.