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Question
QuickView
Type Tags Answer
Choices
Curve Question
Difficulty
Psg/Game/S
Difficulty
Explanation
PT14 S4 Q06
+LR
Resolve reconcile or explain +RRE
A
92%
165
B
1%
156
C
1%
157
D
1%
153
E
5%
157
130
140
150
+Easier 148.739 +SubsectionMedium

This is a resolve reconcile explain question, though it may be difficult to identify. The phenomenon we are trying to explain is how the statistic could be accurate if the conclusion isn’t, i.e. how could emergency room visits grow if heroin use remained constant or declined. The question stem asks us: Which one of the following, if true, would account for the statistic above without supporting the author’s conclusion?

The statistic mentioned in the stem is that the amount of emergency room visits by heroin users increased by 20% during the 80s. The author concludes that this was a result of an increase in the use of heroin, but we want to explain why the phenomenon identified by the statistic occurred without supporting this conclusion, so our hypothesis can’t involve an increase in heroin use. We are therefore looking for an alternative hypothesis. Let’s see what we get in the answer choices.

Correct Answer Choice (A) Bingo! This answer gives us a reason for why more heroin users would end up in the hospital even if there wasn’t an increase in heroin use, namely, increased violence from the drug trade.

Answer Choice (B) If it reduced the risk of infection, we would expect a decrease in the number of hospital visits.

Answer Choice (C) Interesting, but this does nothing to explain why there was such an increase in the first place.

Answer Choice (D) Remember, we don’t want to support the conclusion that heroin use increased!

Answer Choice (E) This gives us a more detailed explanation of what specific issues caused heroin users to go to the emergency room, but not why the amount of them who did so increased. This is a more complete description of the phenomenon, not a hypothesis for why it occurred.